T-45C Goshawk walk around


Beginning in the mid 1970s, the US Navy recognized that it would require a replacement for the TA-4 Skyhawk and T-2C Buckeye trainers in the 1980s, and instituted the VTX-TS program in 1978. There were a number of candidate airframes considered for the role, including a next generation derivative of the T-2. The field was eventually winnowed down to a pair of aircraft that had their origins overseas: the Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet (to be built with Lockheed) and a derivative of the BAe Hawk built in part by McDonnell Douglas. The rival teams demonstrated Alpha Jet F-ZVAB and Hawk G-HAWK respectively at USN bases, and in November 1981 the Hawk was selectred as the winning VTX-TS competitor. McDonnell Douglas was to build theforward fuselage section (which incorporated the changes necessary for carrier operations) while BAe would supply the wings and fuselage center section, and Sperry the simulators. For a time, there was also to be a land-based T-45B, without the T-45A's arrester hook and carrier-capable landing gear; this version would have been availible sooner, thus alleviating a perceived shortage of trainers in the late 1980s, while still permitting field carrier landing practice missions to be flown. Without the carrier fittings, the T-45B would have been significantly lighter, with a corresponding effect on performance. However, the T-45B was abandoned early on, and life extension programs instituted for the Buckeye and Skyhawk fleets. T-45C Goshawk nose gear
While the BAe Hawk has a single nose gear with a 12-inch diameter wheel, the demands of carrier operation required the Goshawk to have a dual unit with 16-inch wheels and a launch bar for catapult operations. The T-45 fuselage line is slightly deeper than that of the Hawk to accomodate the new gear.
T-45C Goshawk main gear
The T-45's main gear has to be able to withstand a maximum 25 ft/second descent during arrested landings, and is slightly more outboard than that of the Hawk.
T-45C - looking aft. A travel pod is carried on the centerline station.


Kinetic 1/48 scale T-45A/C Goshawk model kit

The Spirit of Naval Aviation The National Museum of Naval Aviation Hardcover

T-45C BuNo 167104 rear fuselage, arresting hook detail
Fitting the Hawk airframe with an arrester hook required the replacement of the single ventral airbrake with two units fitted to the side sof the fuselage.
T-45C flap detail

T-45C cockpit

   

Other Jet Trainer walk arounds

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US Naval Aviation

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Art Pages



T-45 & Hawk References:


Photo: Hawk prototype XX154 with Matra rocket pods.  Air Pictorial  May 1975  p.165

Peter Gilchrist  "Hawk 200: A Hunter for the 1990s"  Armed Forces Vol.5 No.8  p.376-380. Includes a 3-view and photos of the demonstrator aircraft with Sea Eagle, Magic, and Skyflash missiles.

"RAF Leeming's Hawks"  Air Forces Monthly June 2001. Several photos of black-painted Hawks.

Andy Evans "The Single Life- The BAE Systems Hawk 200"  Model Airplane Monthly  June 2002

Aviation Plans on the Web

Web Resources:
Walk around of an RAF Hawk T.1 in the all-black scheme

Building the 1/48 scale Hawk from Italeri as a Swiss aircraft

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